Kitsuki is located in the north-eastern part of Oita prefecture and forms the southern part of the Kunisaki Peninsula. Kituski covers 280 km2 (approximately 23 km north to south and 29 km east to west), which is 4.4% of the prefecture (6,339 km2). Kitsuki has a population of approximately 32,000 people. The city tree is the Bungo Plum and the city flower is the Calanthe discolor.The topography is full of ups and downs from the seaside facing Beppu Bay to the surrounding mountains. Kitsuki is not only located near Oita airport but also the major cities of Beppu and Oita, the capital city of Oita prefecture. Kitsuki is also a strategic connecting point of three major roads: the Oita Airport road, the Usa-Beppu road and the Oita Expressway.
During the Nara (710-784) and Heian (794-1191) eras it was part of the Hayami-gun and Kunisaki-gun districts in the eight Bungo counties and later became the home of the Usa Shrine.
Daimyo (feudal lord) Otomo came to the area in the Kamakura era (1192-1336) and changed the family name to Kizuki. The fourth daimyo, Kizuki Yorinao, constructed Kitsuki Castle in 1394 during the Muromachi era (1338-1573).
Kitsuki prospered as a castle town with 32,000 fiefs of the Kitsuki feudal clan Matsudaira. It was the main place of politics and economy in Kunisaki Peninsula in the Edo era (1603-1868) until the abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures.
After the Meiji era, and the beginning of the modernisation of Japan, the former Kitsuki city and Ota village became Kitsuki prefecture, and the former Yamaga-machi was divided between Hiji prefecture and Hita prefecture.
The change was repeated in the passage of time, and the former Kitsuki city, Yamaga-machi in Hayami-gun and Ota village in Nishikunisaki-gun were merged in 2005 into the expanded city of Kitsuki.
A residence of the Oharas, who acted as a chief retainer in the Matsudaira clan, is the best of the old samurai residences in Kitsuki. It is a magnificent house with a thatched roof, an old samurai residence-style gate and entrance, and an elegant circuit-style garden.
The historic old samurai residence of Kato Yogoemon was used as a rest place for the feudal lord in the Edo era. Now, there is the Kurihara Katsumi Museum in the garden, which exhibits works such as Suiboku-ga (ink painting).
Shops of long standing such as "Ayabe-miso", which was founded in the Meiji era, and "Ocha-no-Tomaya", which was founded in the Edo era, had existed in a town of merchants from Shin-machi to Tani-machi located between Kitadai-bukeyashiki and Minamidai-bukeyashiki (samurai residences).
The south-eastern part of Kitsuki beside Beppu Bay in the south and the Iyo-nada Sea in the east has the beautiful seashore for a view.
Mountains sweep away from Futago-san in the north and Kumogadake in the west, and 200 m～600 m high mountains surround the north-western part.Kitsuki has a Seto Inland Sea-style warm climate, with an annual average temperature of around 16 degrees and annual average rainfall of approximately 130 cm. There is little snow.
There are a lot of mountains in Yamaga-machi, and three representative mountains, Tawara-yama (543 m), Tsuwado-san (529 m) and Kumogatake (529 m), are called "Yamaga Sanzan".Nature watching is held in spring and autumn, and you can enjoy the delights of nature in all four seasons.
There is the beautiful Nata beach, chosen as one of Japan's 100 Best Beaches, which is known for its white sand and blue pines, and is also one of Japan’s 100 Best Beaches for Swimming. The beach, which spreads north to south over 2 km, is the best beach for swimming in East Kyushu and is full of swimmers during the summer.There are rare species of fish such as king crabs and silage parvisquamis gills in Morie Bay
Various events and festivals are held throughout the year. "Kimono Thanksgiving Day" is held on the third Saturday of every month and it is full of special privileges for people wearing kimono. For example, there is cherry on the cake for people who are wearing kimono on "Kimono Thanksgiving Day". Hiring and dressing of kimono is performed in Warakuan. Why not take a walk in Kitsuki wearing kimono?
You can thoroughly enjoy dishes made with local foods in roadside stores, such as the Hurusato-chaya Yume nobori in Yokodake Nature Park. Particularly "Otakara-meshi", rice cooked with five kinds of beans (soybeans, black soybeans, green soybeans, adzuki beans and pinto beans), chestnuts and ginkgos, called "a success meal in life" or "a jewel box with beans", and it is a specialty dish in Kitsuki.